Chronic Kidney Disease, Causes, Symptoms, Stages and Prevention

Chronic kidney disease is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and they cannot able to filter the blood as well as healthy kidneys. Because of this waste of blood remains in the body and causes many health problems like nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis. In this article, I'll tell you about the Chronic Kidney Disease, Causes, Symptoms, Stages and Remedy.

Read More: These Habits Can Damage Your Kidney


Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

Symptoms of the chronic kidney disease develop over time and become worse. Here is the list of signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease:
  • Facing difficulty in sleeping 
  • Vomiting 
  • Nausea 
  • Decreased mental sharpness 
  • Persistent itching 
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) 
  • Swelling of feet and ankles 
  • Muscle cramps and twitches 
  • Weakness 
  • Fatigue

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease occurs when a disease or condition impairs kidney function, causing kidney damage to worsen over several months or years. Here are some factors that that may increase your risk of chronic kidney disease include:
  • Diabetes 
  • Being African-American, Native American or Asian-American 
  • Family history of kidney disease 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease 
  • Smoking 
  • Obesity 
  • Abnormal kidney structure 
  • Older age

Chronic Kidney Disease Stages

Chronic kidney disease has stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4 and stage 5. Details of these stages are given below:

chronic kidney disease stages
Chronic Kidney Disease Stages

When to see a doctor? 

Visit your doctor’s clinic if you have any sign or symptoms of kidney disease. Your doctor can also do certain tests like urine and blood tests.

Chronic Kidney Disease Prevention

  • Maintain your healthy body weight. If you’re body weight at a healthy weight, then try to maintain it by involving more in physical activities.
  • Don’t smoke: If you love to smoke a cigarette then you should stop doing this. Cigarette smoking can damage your kidneys and make existing kidney damage worse.
  • While using nonprescription pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen, follow the instructions on the package before taking them. Taking the excess amount of these pain relievers can damage your kidney and generally, they should be ignored in case of kidney disease.

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