What is Type 1 Diabetes, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Type 1 diabetes is known by various names in past such as “Juvenile Diabetes”, “Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” and IDDM. But these old names are not considered correct today. So let’s talk about diabetes: there are mainly two types of diabetes, known as “Type 1 Diabetes” and “Type 2 Diabetes”. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are separate and have different symptoms. So it’s important to understand the difference between them.

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

The pancreas produces a hormone known as “insulin”, it is very important hormone for our body that plays a vital role because it enables the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. We need insulin to survive. In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. This usually happens in younger people, but it can happen at any age. When this happens, the pancreas no longer produces insulin.

Type 1 Diabetes Definition

Type 1 diabetes is the condition in which the pancreases don’t produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
What is Type 1 Diabetes, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
What is Type 1 Diabetes, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes may include:
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Irritability and other mood changes
  • Bed-wetting in children who previously didn't wet the bed during the night
  • Fatigue and weakness

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes May Include:
Although there is no exact cause of type 1 diabetes. But there are two causes which can be the cause of type 1 diabetes:
  • Exposure to viruses and other environmental factors
  • Genetics

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Type 1 Diabetes Statistics

Type 1 diabetes statistics
Type 1 diabetes statistics - Source: www..healthline.com

Foods to Eat for Type 1 Diabetes

The most important thing is to eat a healthy diet if you’re suffering from type 1 diabetes. Here is the list of some foods suggested by American Diabetes Association. All the given foods are low in carbs and they're high in key nutrients like potassium, calcium, fiber, magnesium, and other vitamins.
  • Nuts
  • Beans
  • Fat-free yogurt and milk
  • Fish high in omega-3 fatty acids (like salmon)
  • Whole grains
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Citrus fruit
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Berries
  • Tomatoes 

Type 1 Diabetes Foods to Avoid 

  • Dried Fruit: Although dried fruit contains fiber and many nutrients, the dehydration process removes the water, so it's easier to eat more — think about how many more raisins than grapes you can eat. While snacking on raisins or dried apricots is better for you than eating a cookie, it’ll still send your blood sugar soaring.
  • Fruit Juice: People with diabetes should avoid drinking juice, even 100 percent fruit juice. Fruit juice contains more nutrition than soda and other sugary drinks, but the problem is that juices have concentrated amounts of fruit sugar and therefore cause your blood sugar to shoot up. 
  • Fatty Cuts of Meat: You’ll need to avoid high-fat cuts of meat for the same reason as whole-milk dairy — they’re high in saturated fats. Saturated fats in meat raise cholesterol and promote inflammation throughout the body, and can also put people with diabetes at even greater risk for heart disease than the average person since their risk is already elevated as a result of diabetes. 
  • Sugary Foods: Soda, sweets, desserts, and other foods that are made primarily of processed sugar are considered low-quality carbohydrates.
  • White Rice, Bread, and Flour: Big offenders on the low-quality carb list are refined starches, like white rice and anything made with white flour, including white bread and pasta. These “white” carbs act a lot like sugar once your body begins to digest them, which means they will increase your glucose levels.
  • Full-Fat Dairy Foods: Do your best to avoid full-fat dairy products made with whole milk, such as cream, full-fat yogurt, ice cream, cream cheese, and other full-fat cheeses. 
  • Fried Foods: You may have a weakness for french fries, fried chicken, potato chips, fried dough, and the like, but kicking this craving will be better for your health in the long run. Fried foods typically soak up tons of oil, which equates to lots of extra calories — and many are coated in breading first, jacking up the numbers even more. 
  • Packaged Snacks and Baked Goods: Aside from all the sugar, junky white flour, sodium, and preservatives they contain, packaged snacks and baked goods — like chips, pretzels, crackers, cookies, doughnuts, and snack cakes — often have trans fats. Trans fats increase your “bad” (LDL) cholesterol, lower your “good” (HDL) cholesterol, and raise your risk of heart disease. 
  • Alcohol: Before you go for a pre-dinner cocktail or even a glass of wine with dinner, check with your doctor to make sure that it’s safe for you to drink alcohol since it can interfere with your blood-sugar levels. If you do drink, keep it in moderation.
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