What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Blood Pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart is responsible for a pump the blood into the blood vessels. These blood vessels carry the blood throughout the body. In case of high blood pressure, it becomes harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, to stroke, kidney disease, and to the development of heart failure.

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What Causes High Blood Pressure
What Causes High Blood Pressure

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Exact causes of high blood pressure are not known but there are several factors that may be responsible for the development of High Blood Pressure:
  • Too much salt in the diet 
  • Family history of high blood pressure 
  • Smoking 
  • Being overweight or obese 
  • Lack of physical activity 
  • Chronic kidney disease 
  • Too much alcohol consumption 
  • Stress 
  • Older age 
  • Adrenal and thyroid disorders 
  • Sleep apnea 
  • Genetics

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

Symptoms and sign of high blood pressure are given below:
  • Chest pain 
  • Blood in the urine 
  • Vision problems 
  • Pounding in your chest, neck, or ears 
  • Fatigue or confusion 
  • Difficulty breathing 
  • Irregular heartbeat 
  • Severe headache

Best Vegetables and Fruits for High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure may increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, but you may be able to lower your blood pressure by improving your diet. A diet which is high in vegetables and fruits may help lower your blood pressure, and eating a wide variety will provide multiple nutrients to support a healthy blood pressure. Continue to follow your doctor’s advice for managing your blood pressure.
  • Citrus Fruits and Berries: Citrus fruits, such as oranges, tangerines and grapefruits, and berries, such as strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, and blackberries, are high in potassium, vitamin C and dietary fiber, which may lower your blood pressure. Have fruit as a low-calorie snack or dessert, or eat it as part of your breakfast or in a salad, and aim to get at least 2 cups of fruit per day. 
  • Dark Green Vegetables: Many dark green vegetables are high in dietary fiber, potassium, vitamin C, and magnesium. Romaine lettuce, spring greens, and fresh spinach can be foundations of healthy salads, raw broccoli florets are good snacks and cooked broccoli and leafy greens, such as collard or mustard greens, can be side dishes or additions to sauces or casseroles. Include at least 1½ cups per week of dark green vegetables in your diet. 
  • Starchy Vegetables: Starchy vegetables, such as potatoes and sweet potatoes, are high in potassium and low in sodium. A high-potassium, low-sodium diet may help lower your blood pressure, and healthy adults should have at least 4,700 milligrams potassium and no more than 2,300 milligrams sodium per day. If your blood pressure is already high, you should have no more than 1,500 milligrams sodium per day, according to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. A balanced 2,000-calorie diet includes at least 5 cups per week of starchy vegetables. 
  • Legumes: Beans, peas, and lentils are legumes, and they are good for high blood pressure because they are high in dietary fiber and potassium. They are also good sources of magnesium, which can help control your blood pressure. Eat at 1½ cups of legumes per week, as part of your vegetable intake. Limit your sodium intake by choosing low-sodium canned legumes or by cooking them without salt. 

High Blood Pressure Numbers Chart

 High Blood Pressure Numbers Chart
 High Blood Pressure Numbers Chart
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