Female Infertility, Signs, Causes and Reasons


Infertility can be defined as trying to getting pregnant for a year with no success. Male Infertility or female infertility or combination of both affects 15% of the couples in the US. These couple face problem to getting pregnant. Infertility causes in a female are difficult to diagnose. Don’t worry there are lots of treatments available depending on your cause of infertility. Most of the couple go on to conceive a child without treatment. After trying to get pregnant for two years, about 95 percent of couples successfully conceive.

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Female Infertility, Signs, Causes and Reasons
Female Infertility, Signs, Causes and Reasons

Signs and Symptoms of Female Infertility

The main sign of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. Also, the menstrual cycle that’s too short (>21 days) or too long (more than 35 days), absent or irregular can mean that you're not ovulating. There may be no other outward signs or symptoms.

Causes of Female Infertility

Some points are given below and each of these factors is essential for getting pregnant:
  • You need to ovulate: To get pregnant, your ovaries must produce and release an egg, a process known as ovulation. Your doctor can help evaluate your menstrual cycles and confirm ovulation. 
  • Your partner needs sperm: For most couples, this isn't a problem unless your partner has a history of illness or surgery. Your doctor can run some simple tests to evaluate the health of your partner's sperm. 
  • You need to have open fallopian tubes and a normal uterus: The egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tubes, and the embryo needs a healthy uterus in which to grow.
  • You need to have regular intercourse: You need to have regular sexual intercourse during your fertile time. Your doctor can help you better understand when you're most fertile. 

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When to see a doctor?

  • Up to age 35: Most of the doctors recommend trying to get pregnant for at least a year before getting treatment. 
  • 35-40 age: If you are between 35-40 years old then concerns with your doctor after six months of trying. 
  • If you're older than 40, your doctor may want to begin testing or treatment right away.

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